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Coffee is at risk of extinction in the wild
Tin đăng ngày: 1/10/2019 - Xem: 245
 

Enjoy a cup of coffee every day as long as you can, because new research shows that 60% of the coffee species found in the wild could soon go extinct.
Researchers at the Royal Kew Botanical Garden in the UK warn that climate change, deforestation, drought and plant disease viruses are putting the future of coffee at risk.

"It is important to remember that coffee requires a forest habitat to survive," said senior researcher Aaron P. Davis. "With so many deforestation going on around the world, wild coffee beans are being hit at alarming levels."

Davis added that coffee plants grow in a very special natural environment, so rising temperatures and increased rainfall due to climate change can prevent coffee from growing where crops grow. strong.

Coffee is at risk of extinction in the wild

Coffee is at risk of extinction in the wild

Of the 124 types of wild coffee, 75 are endangered.
"Considering the threats from human encroachment and deforestation, some (coffee beans) may become extinct after 10 to 20 years, especially with the effects of climate change," Tien said. Dr. Davis said.
The research, published in Science Advances, a collaboration between British and Ethiopian scientists, indicates that unless the government and commercial producers strengthen protection of coffee species and store lots of beans. more like, everyone's morning coffee habit can be affected and the quality of coffee will be significantly reduced.

Of the 124 types of wild coffee, 75 are endangered. About 35 of 124 species grow in non-preserved areas.

The most common type of coffee for commercial production, arabica (tea coffee), has been on the list of endangered species. Previous research by Dr. Davis has revealed that arabica coffee can become extinct only after 60 years.

But even less common types of coffee are important, the researchers said. Conservation of diverse wild coffee trees is useful for developing commercial coffee that is resistant to climate change and pests. To create genetically modified crops, researchers need to conserve diverse coffee genes.

Kew scientists say that compared to other factories, keeping coffee beans in storage banks is more difficult and expensive. Therefore, focusing on protecting the natural environment of coffee is the key to solving the problem.

Mr. Davis recently created three areas to protect wild arabica. However, according to the study, coffee growing activities in Madagascar and Tanzania are at stake.

"The first thing you need to do is preserve them in the wild, so we need to improve the management of protected areas," says Davis. "And we also need to designate new protected areas.

 
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